Published on: Sunday, September 02, 2012
Kota Kinabalu: Member countries can make the United Nations (UN) fully democratic and transparent by carrying out reforms and restructuring, including re-establishing the world body as a World Parliament with member countries' representatives as members.
Former Chief Minister Tan Sri Harris Salleh said under the Parliament, a Cabinet could be created incorporating all present members of Security Council with additional members to be elected by the UN i.e 48 members as UN Ministers with specific portfolios.
Presently these portfolios are being held by Director Generals.
Harris said that as suggested by US President Wilson in 1942, a UN Police Force should be created in addition to the UN Marine Police Force.
Both the UN Police Force and UN Marine Police Force are to enforce all decisions made by the World Parliament, and to be stationed regularly, he said.
"With the establishment of a UN Marine Police Force, then America can assign or second half of its fleet to UN Marine Police Force in Asia.
It is suggested the Admiral be an American and the Vice Admiral to be from the Chinese Navy," he said.
The United Nations up to this day is guided by the Security Council, which may be necessary in the past, but after more than 60 years, most member countries numbering 193 were no longer colonies and were being led and governed by educated and civilised people.
He said therefore, these countries do not need any guidance.
Thus, the Security Council is no longer necessary and the UN must be restructured and reformed to match the present development of the people and the world.
"Make the United Nations the only authority vested with power and authority to solve country to country international finance, monetary and trade problems, he said in his proposal paper entitled "United Nations Needs Reform and Restructure Very Badly" that was emailed to all member countries at the UN headquarters in New York.
"Based on news reports overwhelming number of the member countries would like to see that the UN is strong, fair and just, a respected body where they can look for guidance and assistance," he said.
Harris said Guided Democracy was now obsolete and that the world needs a completely democratic and transparent body - chosen by the countries for the countries and for the government of the countries.
Under the present structure, it appeared that the Security Council, consisting only of 11 member countries, is more powerful than the General Assembly, which meets once a year, he said.
He said the Statute of Convention of the United Nations, which was created nearly 67 years ago seriously need to be reformed and updated in line with the needs of the present times.
"It is unable to function effectively in the present world atmosphere.
United Nations should transcend nations become a Supra-National Institution, characterised by mandatory universal memberships and ability to deploy physical force for effective control.
"Such a supra-national World Parliament would entail a preponderance of political power in the hands of the supra-national organisation rather than in individual national units," he said.
Harris said the World Parliament should be run like the American House of Representatives where member countries can submit any issue or complaints initially to the Cabinet and then to open debate in the World Parliament House. The Philippines, according to him, could then submit their case on the disputed area and China will do the same.
The Cabinet will prepare a paper based on both sides' submissions and the paper submitted to the World Parliament for decision.
Once the decision is made, the World Government Ministry will implement the decision through either the police or marine police who are to enforce the decisions conscientiously.
Harris said the World Cabinet should incorporate all members of the present Security Council with an additional 37 members to be elected by the UN Parliament.
"The United Nations World Parliament ought to hold at least three sessions a year, and extraordinary sessions as necessary to hear debate and make decisions on any issue put forward," he said.
China could be prevailed upon to provide the World Parliament location, in view its vast areas and resources, he said, adding a new city to be known as World City should be built for the benefit of all countries and the billion people.
The World Parliament might be able to resolve the South China Sea disputes where China was claiming sovereignty and had established bases and settlements including a special city, Shansa City.
The areas were also being claimed by surrounding countries, particularly the Philippines.
The nations of the region were supposed to work collaboratively and diplomatically to resolve the disputes without use of force and certainly without encouragement by some other nation.
However, the Philippines went to America for help, and America despite its subtle diplomatic action made a wrong approach adding to the threat in the potentially oil-rich waters.
He said the consequence of America's statements was a response from China to reject shipments of bananas from the Philippines.
It was also reported that more than 500,000 Chinese tourists with confirmed bookings from April, May and June this year cancelled their visit to the Philippines.
The Philippine Government ended up unilaterally withdrawing its naval boats from the disputed area. "Can America do anything to force China out? China will not listen to any one person or nation, except to the voice of a United Nations - World Parliament," he said.
Harris said it was also not beneficial for America to send half of its naval fleet to Asia in disguise as a relief for emergency disaster in Asia.
It only created tension in the region and making it more difficult for Asean, while nations hosting the American Force under the guise of emergency relief forces would not benefit whether directly or indirectly by China's reaction.
It was also causing unnecessary waste of money and resources, he said, adding that in addition to the unpopular American Foreign Policy, the move by America on the South China Sea would cause further damage not only to America but also the Asian nations.
The perception of the Asian people is that America was destabilising the regions with the view of allowing American companies to sell arms to these countries.
"It is only just to put the dispute for hearing by the 193 member countries at the World Body and to make decisions. It avoids adversial approach from which no party can back down to a worldwide opinion that the parties can acknowledge and respect without embarrassment.
"It is expected that all parties would abide by such world body if democratically constituted including China. This will avoid if not reduce tensions among the major powers of the world.
"Abolishing the Security Council will pave the way to setting up of a World Parliament and a World Cabinet making the UN the most powerful and having full authority on earth," he said.
He added that the establishment of such Parliament and Cabinet is the only way to save the world and to avoid genocide and other killings and the wastage of funds.
"With all round cooperation of the countries, everybody will be able to live peacefully and comfortably. There is enough land and resources for the future of 10 billion people of the world," he said.
In order to achieve the aims and objectives of the founder members that formed the United Nations in 1945, the 193 member countries must at the forthcoming General Assembly move a motion calling for the establishment of United Nations Parliament and United Nations Cabinet, he said.
It is high time that the power and authority to resolve problems between nations as well as humanitarian problems be placed wholly within the power of the United Nations.
"The United Nations must be empowered to do so.
Veto powers of single nations must be reviewed.
There cannot be serious objections to this suggestion, except for reasons that are wholly selfish, suspect and unbecoming," he said.