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Individuals can’t be sued for defamation by parties
Published on: Friday, March 05, 2021
By: Bernama
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PUTRAJAYA: The Federal Court seven-member bench has ruled that political parties cannot sue individuals for defamation.

Court of Appeal President Tan Sri Rohana Yusuf, who chaired the bench, said the court had answered in the negative a legal question posed by Kepong Member of Parliament Lim Lip Eng to strike out a defamation lawsuit which was filed against him by MCA,

The question is whether a political party can maintain a suit for defamation in the light of the decision in Goldsmith v Bhoyrul (1998), an English case law which provided that political parties cannot be claimants in defamation suits.

In allowing the appeal by Lim, Justice Rohana, set aside the decisions of the High Court and Court of Appeal which dismissed Lim’s application to strike out the suit.

When handing down the decision, Justice Rohana said the court agreed with the submissions by Lim’s counsel Datuk Seri Gopal Sri Ram.

She also said the court would give the grounds of judgment in the case.

In the proceedings, conducted via video conferencing, Sri Ram submitted that following the decisions in the Goldsmith v Bhoyrul and Rajagopal v Jayalalitha, political parties could not sue for defamation.

He said both the government and political parties, being registered societies, cannot maintain a cause of action in defamation as Societies or Government have no reputation.

He said the law of defamation protects the reputation of persons.

Sri Ram also said the court had wrongly decided in the case involving the Sarawak government against Sarawak DAP chairman Chong Chieng Jen, where the Federal Court had ruled that the government could sue individuals for defamation.

In July 2017, the then MCA secretary-general Ong Ka Chuan, on behalf of MCA, filed a defamation suit in his capacity as a public officer, against Lim over remarks he made at a press conference at Parliament building in 2016 over allegations that the political party had used government funds allocated for Chinese vernacular schools.

Ong claimed that Lim’s remarks seriously injured MCA’s reputation, adding that the party was seeking RM100 million in general and exemplary damages.

In Feb 27,2018, the High Court rejected Lim’s application to strike out the suit and he lost his appeal at the Court of Appeal.

In the proceedings, Ong’s lawyer Ng Chew Hor argued that the suit should not be struck out, but should go for trial in the High Court. He said political parties have a reputation to be protected.

Meanwhile, lawyer Guok Ngek Seong, who also represented Lim, when contacted, said since the Federal Court had answered the question of law in the negative, it means that political parties cannot sue for defamation. 



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